Psychologie de la communication: Théorie et Méthodes [Jean-Claude Abric] on casturtriweaklu.ml *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Books By Jean-Claude Abric Psychologie de la communication: Théories et méthodes by ABRIC JEAN-CLAUDE ARMAND COLIN EPUISE. Jean-Claude Abric, Psychology of communication. Methods and Theory, Armand Colin,. Download. Jean-Claude Abric, Psychologie de la communication. CEEOL is a leading provider of academic e-journals and e-books in the Humanities.
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Jean-Claude Abric (26 September – 13 September ) was a French psychologist, Nucleus Theory. He also published handbooks on the psychology of communication. Psychologie de la communication: théories et méthodes, Paris: Armand Colin. Create a book · Download as PDF · Printable version. 22 juil. Psychologie et Société se consacre à la diffusion des travaux sociales, à la pensée sociale et à la communication. Jean-Claude Abric. BARON, S. et CLAIR, R. P. (). From coercion to manipulation: Communication competence as disciplinary discourse in the organization. Paper presented at.
The presence throughout of subsidence-deformation features and of roots and animal burrows, indicated, however, that a degree of post-depositional disturbance was to be expected, while long-distance vertical displacement along voids between the cave walls and the sedimentary column represented an additional cause of potential contamination by material derived from higher up in the sequence.
A refitting study carried out on the lithic assemblages from the upper part of the sequence layers 8—14 had shown the impact of these processes to be limited [ 44 ], but the issue remained to be assessed for the lower part.
A systematic intra- and inter-level refitting project was therefore designed as a prerequisite to the techno-economic analysis of the collections from layers 15— The aim was to define and constitute the analytical units best suited for the study of the stone tool assemblages in all possible dimensions, e. The questions of wider methodological interest that we addressed are as follows: Do the archeo-stratigraphic units defined at the time of excavation constitute valid units for the organization of the stone tool collections into behaviorally meaningful assemblages, or do those units need to be grouped, or further subdivided, and, if so, how?
Which parts of the excavation trench were most affected by post-depositional disturbance, how significant was such an impact, and, if significant, how do we separate the reliable from the unreliable units of provenience, and how is such a separation affected by the variation observed along the sequence in the topography of the encasing bedrock? For most of its duration, the Middle Paleolithic of Europe falls outside the limits of applicability of radiocarbon, and alternative dating methods are of much lower precision.
The potential impact of functional variability on such patterns has long been the object of much debate e. Yet, in stratified sites of the cave and rock-shelter type, post-depositional disturbance and palimpsest formation are bound to have impacted assemblage composition—and the more so in periglacial contexts.
We believe, therefore, that the approach we used to tackle these problems at Gruta da Oliveira is of wider interest and, hence, justifies dedicated publication of our methodology and results. Complementarity and dif- fundamental point from our perspective. Jodelet, , the SRT is a theory of social Furthermore, social representations provide bonding.
It gives us an insight on what per- criteria for evaluating the social environment manently connects us to the world and to that enable determination, justification or others. It teaches us about how this bond is legitimization of certain behaviors. Taken built. In this sense, one can see here a global together, that is how Serge Moscovici theory of the social individual and a possible defines the notion of social representation in way for integrating the diverse paradigms his first work devoted to the image and the and fields of social psychology.
Indeed, ever century. Whilst studying the way in which a since the founding work by Serge Moscovici scientific theory is transformed into a innumerable works have regularly presented common sense theory, Moscovici traced the new research developments in the field of first outlines of what would henceforth be social representations.
In France, this phe- called the theory of social representations nomenon has been particularly marked since SRT , whose success has not wavered since. In from a new and original angle Abric, ; addition, regular international symposiums Codol, ; Flament, But, in between the con- cial editions of journals.
Finally, we should cept of collective representations and the mention the creation of an Internet network contemporary researches on social represen- Social Representations and Communication tations, the concept has undergone many a Thematic Network bringing together metamorphosis, giving it different forms and researchers worldwide South America, the colors.
All attempts to reconstitute the past of this Ultimately, the scientific assessment of the concept necessarily begin with sociology.
SRT may appear to be somewhat flattering. Simmel was without doubt the first to However, it has not always been like this. By recognize the connection between the sepa- examining the historical development of the ration of the individual who distances him- SRT, we will attempt to show how it progres- self from others and the necessity to sively found its place in the field of social symbolize these others. He argued that the psychology, the different orientations run- manner in which we symbolize others shapes ning through it at present, what connections reciprocal action and the social circles that it has with other major psychosocial para- they form together.
From a different point of digms, and finally, in what way it constitutes view, Weber saw representations as a today an essential theory for analyzing and reference framework and a channel for action understanding social problems. He attempts to describe a common knowledge capable of anticipating and prescribing the behavior of individuals.
He After having been the most memorable defines it as a double separation. The latter, spheres, by associating them with the perspective unique to each individual, are extremely of a changing society.
Moscovici, 82 variable, fleeting, short-lived and constitute a This evolution is marked by two fundamen- steady stream, whereas collective representa- tal changes in relation to Durkheimian tions are impersonal and untouched by time.
Second, individual representations are rooted First, Moscovici considers that representa- in the individual consciousness, whereas col- tions are not the product of society as a whole, lective representations are mutually held but the products of the social groups who build throughout society.
Such representations are this society. Second, he focuses on communi- thus homogeneous and shared by all mem- cation processes, considered as explaining bers of society.
Their function is to preserve the emergence and transmission of social what binds them, to prepare and act in a uni- representations. The first point allows the con- form manner. This is why they are collective, ception of a social mentality which is overde- why they are handed down over the years termined by societal structures and also by the from generation to generation, and why they insertion of individuals in these structures, in act for individuals as strong cognitive con- such a way that different social representations straints.
For Durkheim, the aim is clear: col- of the same object are seen to exist within a lective thinking has to be studied in itself and given society. The second change to the repre- for itself.
The forms and content of represen- sentation theory, introduced by Moscovici, tations have to become a separate domain in permits the conception that through com- order to be able to claim and prove social munication—and the influence, normalization autonomy. In and dependent on individual and social fac- the words of the author, it was to tors, were recognized as having a creative role in the behavior elaboration process. It is event. This new nature of the object implies also considered, in a diagrammatic sense, that that information about it is limited, incom- these works were developed along three main plete, or widely spread throughout the differ- lines, each one attempting to develop different ent social groups involved with the emergence facets of the concept.
One which examines the of this object what Moscovici called the regulatory role of social representations on dispersion of information. This new object real social interactions, another which studies arouses worry and vigilance or disrupts the the impact of social relationships on the elab- normal course of things.
It thus motivates oration of social representations, and a third intense cognitive activity to understand it, which analyses representational dynamics control it, or even defend oneself from it and their structural characteristics, more spe- inference pressure phenomenon , and causes cifically linked to social conduct.
These three a multiplicity of debates and of interpersonal lines of development revolve not so much and media communication. As a result of around different points of view as different this, information, beliefs, hypotheses, or ways of approaching social representations. This emergence is facilitated by the proposed diverse definitions of social repre- fact that individuals deal with information on sentations, all of which are complementary.
First of all, research is not limited by expectations and the orientations of the group being enclosed within a rigid and narrow focalization phenomenon. Second, it allows the The gradual emergence of a representation study of social representations to be situated occurs spontaneously and is based on three within the framework of a paradigm, a line of kinds of phenomena: the dispersion of infor- thought and a knowledge structuring tool, mation, focalization and the pressure to make rather than within an established and narrow- inferences.
But these phenomena themselves minded theoretical framework. Finally, the are developed on the basis of two major proc- reality of social representations is such that esses defined by Moscovici: objectification their definition can vary according to the and anchoring.
We can therefore Objectification refers to the way in which study them in their emergence and in their a new object, through communication about role as regulator of social interaction and it, will be rapidly simplified, imaged, and communications, from the angle of their diagrammed.
Through the phenomenon of internal structure or even from that of their selective construction, different characteris- links with social relations. We are now going tics of the object are taken out of context and to briefly introduce these three perspectives. Thus, all social groups attach the object to These selected elements form together what their own meaning networks, guarantors of Moscovici calls a figurative core, that is to say their identity.
In this way a vast set of collec- a coherent visualization that reproduces the tive meaning is created around the object. In object in a concrete and selective manner. By this way also, the object becomes a mediator penetrating the social body through communi- and a criteria for relationships between groups.
An innovative mix status. From this it follows that a social represen- apparition of a figurative core composed of tation always appears as innovative and endur- four parts: the conscious, the unconscious, ing, changing and unchanging.
These elements On this general theoretical basis of the are fully extracted from their original theo- process of generating social representations retical context. From descriptive study of social representations as there comes the possibility to communicate meaning systems that express the relation- about psychoanalysis beyond its conceptual ships that individuals and groups have with framework, to recognize categories of disor- their environment.
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Considering that repre- ders and symptoms the superiority complex, sentations are born essentially through inter- modesty, the slip, unconscious repression, action and contact with public discourses, subconscious acts, etc.
Social representations are Anchoring completes the objectification approached as being at once fixed in lan- process. It corresponds to the way an object guage and as functioning themselves as lan- finds its place in a pre-existing individual and guage through their symbolic value and the group thought system. At the collection and analysis ethnographic tech- same time, it will become identified with a niques, sociological investigations, historical network of already present meanings.
The analysis, in-depth interviewing, focus groups, hierarchy of values belonging to different discourse analysis, documentary analysis, groups constitutes a meaning network in verbal association techniques, etc.
Handbook Theories Social Psychology(1)
The object will thus be interpreted in works carried out in this area see, for exam- different ways depending on social groups. This approach has concrete and operational one.
New York: Routledge. Google Scholar Kadianaki, I. Papers on Social Representations, 1— Google Scholar Kohn, H.
New York: Macmillan. Google Scholar Kothari, U. Progress in Development Studies, 6 1 : 1—7.
International Social Science Journal, 97— Culture and Psychology, 6 4 : — Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, — New York: Doubleday. Google Scholar Mead, G. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Google Scholar Milbrath, L. Google Scholar Mirza, H. Sociology, 34 3 : — Google Scholar Modood, T.
Psihologia comunicării: teorii și metode
London: Trentham Books. Google Scholar Moghaddam, F. Papers on Social Representations, 2. Google Scholar Mondak, J. British Journal of Political Science, 38 2 : — Paris: Presses universitaires de France. Google Scholar Moscovici, S. In: Gardner, L.
Handbook of Social Psychology 3rd edition. New York: Random House. European Journal of Social Psychology, — In: Flick, U.
The Psychology of the Social. In: Duveen, G. Social Representations: Explorations in Social Psychology. Cambridge: Polity Press. In: Guimelli, C. Google Scholar Nash, K.
Sociology, 35 1 : 77— Neuron, 74 2 : — Papers on Social Representations, 20 1. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 33 1 : — Contemporary Politics, 9: 45— Papers on Social Representations, 19 1 : Google Scholar Phillips, A. Princeton: Princeton University Press. In: Moloney, G. Social Representations and identity: Content, Process, and Power.
New York: Palgrave Macmillan. Google Scholar Potter, J.In this way a vast set of collec- a coherent visualization that reproduces the tive meaning is created around the object. Lawrence, Yale University. Yet, this environment is made up of itself equally well to qualitative approaches as to experimental applications, studies have multi- innumerable situations and events, and a mul- plied along different lines. This work, for both the structure and the dynamics of a mostly experimental, shows today that the social representation.
And it is this same core tion and of the behaviors which are linked to that determines the relationships that these it. From our point of view, the answer to this question depends on three points. Considering that repre- ders and symptoms the superiority complex, sentations are born essentially through inter- modesty, the slip, unconscious repression, action and contact with public discourses, subconscious acts, etc. Papers on Social Representations, 2. There are multiple reasons for this flexibil- ity.
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